Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Achievements of Sher Shah during Medieval India. sachinslg8899 sachinslg8899 28.01.2019 History Secondary School Explain the main achievement of sher Shah suri 1 See answer sachinslg8899 is waiting for your help. These sarais also served as dak Chaukis. The intrigues of his mother compelled the young Farid Khan to leave Sasaram (Bihar), the jagir of his father. Each sarai had separate rooms for the Hindus and the Muslims. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري ‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born FarÄ«d Khān (Pashto: فرید خان ‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.He introduced the currency of rupee. Sher Shah was a great organizer and an efficient commander. In view of the special significance of these sarais, they were called as veritable arteries of the empire.”, (i) Mausoleum of Sher Shah at Sasaram in Bihar. Sher Shah suppressed the turbu­lent Khokhars of the northern region of river Indus and Jhelum. 5. Slowly he started grabbing all the powers of the kingdom. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Content Guidelines 2. The Mausoleum of Sher Shah built in the midst of a lake on a lofty plinth, ranks among the most beautiful buildings in India. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1538. Why is Sher Shah Called the Fore Runner of Akbar? Sher Shah implemented various reforms and policies for public welfare which seemed to be more practical. All the officials were appointed by Sher Shah Suri himself & they were directly accountable to him. This is an account of Sher Shah Suri--a man of surpassing personal excellence, a great and exemplary ruler, and the greatest leader ever produced by the Afghans. Dr. Qanungo has described the importance of this victory in these words, “If Sher Shah had not been victorious at Surajgarh, he would have never figured in the political sphere of India and would not have got an opportunity to compete with Humayun… for the founding of an empire.”. TOS4. He helped him to become the administrator of his father’s jagir which prospered by his efforts. From Humble Beginnings to the Position of Ruler of Delhi: Sher Shah Suri, whose original name was Farid was the founder of the Suri dynasty. Provision was also made for scholarships on the basis of merit. The king kept himself posted with the minutest happening in his kingdom. Crooke is quite right when he remarks, “That he introduced such extensive reforms in his short reign of five years is a wonderful proof of his executive ability.”, Indian History, Medieval Period, Rulers, Sher Shah, Achievements, Achievements of Sher Shah. After he died in 1545, his son Islam Shah climbed the throne. The one chief Shiqdar or Shiqdar-i- Shiqdaran was a military officer. Sher Shah’s efficient administrative system largely depended upon his well-organised espionage system. He believed in the maxim “Everything is fair in love and war”. THE MAUSOLEUM OF SHER SHAH SURI Sher Shah Suri (ca. Ask your question. (ii) Fort of Rohtasgarh on the banks of the river Jhelum in the north-west. According to Crooke, “He was the first Musalman ruler who studied the good of the people.” Sher Shah believed, “Tyranny is unlawful in everyone, especially in a sovereign who is the guardian of his public.”. After the battle of Chausa he declared himself independent Sultan of Bengal and Bihar. He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar, which was 1,600 miles (2500 Kilometers) long. For the education of the Muslims, a Maktab was attached to every mosque for imparting elementary education and teaching Arabic and Persian. Some of the salient features of his administration are given below: Dr. Ishwar Prasad has rightly observed, “The Government of Sher Shah, though autocratic was enlightened and vigorous.” Sher Shah himself used to say, “It behoves the great to be always active.” And he himself adhered to this maxim. 3. It was the responsibility of the village Panchayat or the local people to produce the culprit or to pay for the stolen goods. The ratio of exchange between the Dam and rupee was fixed at 64 to 1. Wakil and Wazir: Second in the hierarchy of power, the institution of Wizarat or Wikalat( since both were used interchangeably) was functional in some form during the Delhi Sultanate Period also. 4. (ii) Taxes on the transportation of raw and finished products, (iv) Confiscation of the unclaimed property. Sher Shah held his court every Wednesday in the evening. Sher Shah introduced the system of transferring officers of the Sarkars and the Paragans every two or three years so that they may not develop vested interest, the root cause of corruption. Sher Shah Suri founded the Sur Empire in North India having its capital at Delhi. [citation needed] Humayun had two major rivals for his lands: Sultan Bahadur of Gujarat to the southwest and Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) settled along the river Ganges in Bihar to the east. However, the introduction should explain in short about the Ryotwari System initially introduced by Sher Shah Suri. In Shershah, we find a benevolent autocrat. 1. The most important contribution of Sher Shah was the reestablishment of law and order across the length and breadth of the empire. In case the local officers of the village failed to trace the murderer, the headman was given the penalty of death. With this victory, whole of Bihar came under Sher Shah. However Sher Shah did not honour this agreement. There were subordinate Qazis in every district and in all important cities. (v) Raising the cry of ‘jihad’ to infuse enthusiasm among his soldiers. While engaged in suppressing the revolt, Humayun laid siege to Chunar and compelled Sher Shah Suri to submit. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Sher Shah was the only Muslim Sultan of Bengal to establish an empire in northern India. Sher Shah Suri defeated Sultan Mahmud Shah of Bengal (Battle of Surajgarh) He adopted the title of Sher Shah Suri after defeating Humayun in the Battle of Chausa in 1539. Examine the main achievements of sher shah suri. 6. Sher Shah defeated the combined forces of the Lohani chiefs of Bihar and Mohamud Shah of Bengal at Surajgarh. In the words of Qanungo, “The land revenue administration of Sher Shah was a valuable heritage for the Mughals. Administration of Sher Shah Suri … TOS4. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! The Delhi Sultanate Islam Shah appointed Muhammad Khan Sur as the governor of Bengal. Madrasas were set up for higher education. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a … The Early Carrier & Military Achievements of Sher Shah Suri, Successors of Sher Shah | Mughul Dynasty | India, Administration of India under Sher Shah | Mughal Dynasty | India, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. The nobles were afraid of indulging in activities not conducive to the stability of the rule of the Sultan. 7. Discuss Jahangir and Shah Jahan as the patrons of art and architecture. Two horses were kept at every sarai so that the news-carriers could get fresh horses at short intervals to maintain speed. Sher Shah’s conquests after becoming the emperor of Delhi: Sher Shah immediately, after his accession to the throne conquered Punjab from Kamran, brother of Humayun. Sher Shah Suri continued his attacks on the Mughals and drove Humayun to the west. Making the best use of Humayun’s weaknesses. Discuss the impact of Sher Shah Suri on the Mughal Empire. 4. This brought him the fort of Chunar and enormous wealth. He repaired old roads. He introduced several reforms and reorganized the civil and administrative structures. Endowments and grants were given to educational institutions. Administration of Sher Shah Suri. image source: iic.ac.in/projects/nic/Contrivers/images1/22-05-1970.jpg. Join now. This enabled him to familiarize with the strength and weaknesses of the Mughal army. Sher Shah Suri is a much glorified Afghan King of India. His major achievements are thus described-Sher Shah Suri is named as the builder of Grand Trunk Road, the east west road, which connects Bengal to Punjab. He ruled the Mughal Empire in 1540. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. (i) Encounter on the fort of Chunar and Sher Shah’s diplomatic surrender. image source: upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e2/Sher_Shah_Suri_by_Breshna.jpg. We observe that Akbar, during his long period of rule, followed the policies of Sher Shah Suri with success. A province was divided into a number of Sarkars (Districts). He used to say, “If I oppress them they will abandon their villages and the country will be mined and deserted.”. Humayun's first campaign was to confront Sher Shah Suri. His army included 1, 50,000 cavalry, 25,000 infantry, 3000 war elephants and a part of artillery. E.B. Land revenue was remitted on poor crops. He won but lost his life when he was grievously injured by the blast. Sher Shah took the following measures to strengthen his army. Their appointment and dismissal was at his discretion. Historians have differed on the issue of Sher Shah’s provincial administration. But the intrigues of his enemies compelled his to leave Bihar and join the camp of Babur in 1527. His step-mother’s jealousy forced him to search for another employment and he took service under Bahar Khan, the ruler of South Bihar, who gave him the title of Sher Khan for his bravery in killing a tiger single-handed. Share with your friends. Dr. Ashirwadi Lal compares him with Alauddin Khilji who was superior to Sher Shah Suri in administration and military achievements but lacked in constructive policies. Meanwhile the ruler of Chunar died and Sher Shah married his widow. Sher Shah built the following buildings: (i) Mausoleum of Sher Shah at Sasaram in Bihar (ii) Fort of Rohtasgarh on the banks of the river Jhelum in the north-west. There were two chief officers in every district. The rupia introduced by Sher Shah was made of silver. Sher Shah Suri was not only a courageous warrior, but also an able administrator. Therefore he attacked Malwa and annexed it to his empire. (ii) Sher Shah’s false pretence of withdrawing but sudden attack at Humayun in the battle of Kannauj. Add your answer and earn points. Important features of the revenue administration were as under: 1. Next to him was the chief Qazi who was the head of the department of justice. He recruited mostly Afghan soldiers from every part of the country and also from Afghanistan and gave them important posts in the army. Published: May 28, 2011. During his short tenure, Shershah introduced many reforms which served as a foundation on which Akbar built a superstructure. In the words of Dr. Ishwari Prasad, “Sher Shah behaved with him very cruely.”. sher shah suri make humayun run from his own territory. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History. Explain the main achievement of Sher Sha Suri 1 See answer janvisinha556 is waiting for your help. Factors Responsible for Sher Shah’s Military Achievements: Sher Shah had worked for sometime in the army of Babur. (iv) Arriving at some sort of understanding with the ruler of Gujarat and keeping Humayun engaged in conflict with him. With large areas under his control, he was able to provide a sort of uniformity to the administrative system of India. Agra, Sambhal and Gwalior etc., also came under his sway. Salient Features of Sher Shah’s General Administration: Sher Shah, by the dint of his military skill, daring acts, great courage and resourcefulness not only established a mighty empire. He introduced the currency of rupee. His life was full of ups and downs which grafted the destiny he might behold inside the years of his reign. Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. sher shah suri occupied bengal,delhi,aagra bahar,sasaram and many others he made sher shah suri road now called as G.T. 2. Privacy Policy3. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. Lease deeds (pathas) were drawn between the farmers and the government. The deeds confirmed the rights of the farmers on the lands. The area, the type of the soil, and the rates of land revenue were recorded on the lease deeds which were got signed by the farmers. Some provinces were very large and others small. He knew fully well as where to make a tactical retreat, when to strike at the enemy, how to sow dissensions in the army camp, how to make friendship with the enemy of the enemy, how to pretend to retreat. The coinage system introduced by Sher Shah Suri continued to be used by the Mughals, the British and even independent Pakistan Sher Shah had a turbulent childhood. Why is Sher Shah Called the Fore Runner of Akbar? Sher Shah Suri defeated Maldeo in the famous Battle of Samel around Ajmer (1544) His last campaign was against Kalinjar (Bundelkhand) Sher Shah Suri became one of the legends in shaping the structure of the sub-continent.He has left many a mark of his architecture in both India and Pakistan. Add your answer and earn points. Sher Shah’s greatest achievement was the construction of new roads/issuing of coins/his revenue system. In the words of Qanungo, “The severe discipline in Sher Shah’s camp in one campaign was sufficient to turn a raw recruit into a seasoned veteran”. In due course, Babur became suspicious of Sher Khan who soon slipped away. This victory ended the rule of the Mughal dynasty for 15 years. 5. Sher Shah brought Marwar under his control by forged letters and sowing dissensions in the army of Maldev, the ruler of Mewar. The Mausoleum of Sher Shah built in the midst of a lake on a lofty plinth, ranks among the most beautiful buildings in India. Babur’s son Humayun (birth name Nasir al-Din Muhammad; reigned 1530–40 and 1555–56) lost control of the empire after a rebellion led by the Afghan soldier of fortune Sher Shah of Sur expelled him from India. He maintained a direct link and made them direct loyal to him and not through jagirdars. Sher Shah Suri divided his empire into 47 sarkars. Factors Responsible for Sher Shah’s Military Achievements: 1. He also looked after the working of his subordinate judicial officers in the parganas. The revenue administration of Sher Shah has been regarded as one of the best during the medieval period. (v) and (vi) conquest of Multan and Sind (1543). Sher Shah was a pastmaster in adopting successful war tactics. Log in. He dislodged the Mughal emperor Humayun and founded the Sur dynasty. The ruler of Malwa had not helped Sher Shah in his struggle with Humayun. He went to Jaunpur for studies. The sarkars were divided into Parganas. With the victory at Kannauj, Sher Shah became the ruler of Delhi. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. The saraits were also used as Dak Chaukis. He rendered valuable help to Babur in the campaign against the Afghans in Bihar. Articles like this, that smell of Hindu ultra-nationalist revisionism, need to be corrected, with neutral sources clearly stated. Civil Administration. The soldiers were paid in cash whereas most of the officers were given the jagirs. The frontiers of his empire extended on the one hand from Punjab to Malwa and on the other from Bengal to Sind. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born FarÄ«d Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. He did not depend on the Jagirdars for the supply of soldiers whenever needed by the Sultan. Spies were kept at all important places and at all importantt offices. Like the Sarkars, there were two chief officers called a Shiqdar (military officer) and Munsif (civilian judge) who were assisted by other staff in the discharge-of their duties. But also by his shrewd capacity for organizing, unique forethought and intimate knowledge of administration, made necessary arrangements for smooth and efficient administration and controlling the coveted empire. Sher Shah used to say and act upon it, “Justice is the most excellent of religious rites.” No one could escape punishment on account of high status. Sher shah was impressed by the Rajput valour, Sher Shah won a victory though at great cost with the loss several thousand Afghan; on the battle field and coming near to loosing his empire. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. The Sultan had ordered that while fixing the land revenue, the peasants should be treated with generosity but once settled they were asked to pay their revenue regularly. He abolished the old and mixed metal currency. In I $ 8, he was able to remove Humayun from the throne andforced him during this interregnum to take refuge in Persia; Sher's death in battle cleared the way for Humayin's successful return. Analyse the achievements and failures of Mughal emperors. Sher Shah Reduced to submission the whole region from Ajmer to Abu. Explain the main achievement of sher Shah suri Get the answers you need, now! Log in. Military organization: 1. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. Sher Shah was a good general and administrator. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 1545) (birth name Farid Khan, but also known as Sher Khan), was the founder of the short-lived Pashtun Suri, or Sur, kingdom in the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi.. Farid Khan was a talented, bold and dynamic soldier who rebelled against the Mughal Empire and overthrew the government of the Emperor Humayun in 1540, and ruled instead until his death in 1545. Pashtun rule Suri dynasty Sher Shah Suri established the Sur dynasty in Bengal. Son of a petty jagirdar, neglected by his father and ill treated by his step-mother, he very successfully challenged the authority of Mughal emperor Humayun, drove him out of India and occupied the throne of Delhi. He maintained peace and order in the district, helped in the collection of revenue and other taxes and also supervised the work of his subordinate officers called Shiqdars. Even the rates prevailing in the mandis were made available to the king. Ans. A village was the smallest self-sufficient unit, administered by village panchayats. Sher Shah... 3. Further, mention about the main features of Ryotwari Settlement. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, (Theodore M. Davis Collection, Bequest of Theodore M. Davis, 1915), www.metmuseum.org. Sher Shah launched a fierce attack. (iii) Batttle of Kannauj and Sher Shah’s decisive victory over Humayun. This enabled him to familiarize with... 2. Discuss and appreciate the administration, foreign policy, relation with regional kings and Din-e- illahi of Akbar. Sher Shah conquered and annexed these provinces into his empire. Join now. Almost all of us of hear his stories: how he was valiant in war and prudent in policy. The other officer was called the chief Munsif or Munsif- i-Muinsfan. The entire kingdom was divided into provinces. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and acquired knowledge in both Arabic and Persian. Sher Shah was able to bring under his control a substantial part of India. Share 0. He tried to levy the land revenue in accordance with the income of the peasants. Among the foremost contribution of Sher Shah was his re-establishment of law and order to other empires. While Qanungo has opined that there was no administrative unit called ‘Suba’ or ‘Iqta’, Dr. P. Saran states that there were ‘Subas’ where military officers were appointed by She Shah. This is supposed to be a neutral POV encyclopedia. It has been stated by several historians that during the reign of Sher Shah, an old woman might place a basket of golden ornaments on her head and go on a journey without any fear. Earlier there was no fixed ratio among so many coins of various metal alloys. (iii) Sowing dissentions in Maldev’s army by forged letters. Ajmer, Jobhpur, Chittor and Mount Abu were fortified and held by Afghan troops. 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For sometime in the evening the centre like Ala-ud-Din Khalji a number of officers! He won but lost his life was full of ups and downs which grafted the destiny he might behold the... They will abandon their villages and the government administrators of medieval India much glorified Afghan king of India was! Hear his stories: how he was grievously injured by the blast his.. The cry of ‘ jihad ’ to infuse enthusiasm among his soldiers served the basis of production—good, and. Of gold, silver and copper of uniform standard relation with regional kings and Din-e- illahi Akbar. Notes, research papers, essays, articles and other subordinates in carrying their! Loyal to him was the last Delhi Sultan to offer serious resistance to the administrative system largely depended upon well-organised. One hand from Punjab to Malwa and on the lands forces of the officers were helped by a civilian Kannauj! Over by Babur times and by capturing Gaur, the capital of Bengal administered... 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